Shalom Israel MHNCB,
Today as promised I’m going to be sharing with you my fall/winter garden layout plan. And also share with you the way I used Permaculture/Companion planting for my garden.
So I built a Raised Bed (if you haven’t seen it you can check it out Here) and I wanted to go pesticide free and make my garden as organic and self-sustainable as I possibly could, now when planting your vegetables, herbs, etc.. there are a few things you should keep in mind;
- Location, you want to make sure your plants get enough sunlight to grow healthy, and in the afternoon get enough shade so they don’t get heat exhaustion.
- You have to consider the plants’ preferred sun exposure, meaning if the plant likes to get direct sunlight or likes the shade more.
- You have to put the bigger plants in the back or where they can protect the other plants from the sun and wind conditions (while still considering their preferred sun exposure) and the smaller plants in the front. Now in my garden the smaller plants go facing the south because that’s where the sun hits during the day and the bigger plants go in the north side of my garden so they don’t block the smaller plants from getting sunlight unless the smaller plants prefer shade (always keep in mind their preferred sun exposure it’s very important for healthy abundant veggies)
- Make sure the plants get along and don’t start fighting. It might sound funny but some plants just don’t like each other and should not be planted together.
- They support each other. Some plants will attract beneficial insects or provide certain nutrients to the dirt that another plant needs. Or just like the three sisters planting method you use the corn to provides a structure for the beans to climb.
The three crops benefit from each other. The maize provides a structure for the beans to climb, eliminating the need for poles. The beans provide the nitrogen to the soil that the other plants use, and the squash spreads along the ground, blocking the sunlight, helping prevent establishment of weeds. The squash leaves also act as a “living mulch“, creating a microclimate to retain moisture in the soil, and the prickly hairs of the vine deter pests – Wikipedia
- Use Permaculture/Companion Planting for a self-sustainable veggie garden. (Relates to #4) As I said earlier I wanted to go pesticide-free using permaculture for a self-sustainable garden. If you put the right plants together you can make a system of plants that will help each other, build each other up, and defend each other. Check out this Companion Planting Guide. The Three sisters method is the best example.
- Do not plant around walnut trees. Walnut trees release a chemical into the soil that makes it very difficult for other plants to grow around it.
- Do not plant your garden around large trees and shrubs. They will compete for nutrients and sunlight, and your garden will suffer.
Late Summer/Early Fall Veggie Herb Garden
My garden layout consists of mainly vegetables & herbs.
At each corner we have Marigolds: repels aphids, mosquitoes and even rabbits and nematodes.
Starting at the very first row we have the marigolds, and in the next 4 squares we have bush and pole beans. Beans are helpful to cucumbers and cabbage: The beans take few nutrients from the soil and add nitrogen, while cucumbers and cabbage are heavy feeders and need rich soil to produce well. Next to the bush and pole beans we have peas.
2nd Row: Rosemary, eggplant, cucumbers, dill, dill, radishes, cilantro, jalapeno peppers.
3rd Row: carrots, long green onions, garlic, garlic, cabbage, onions, basil, tomatillo.
4th and last row:oregano, kale, thyme, celery, spinach, cauliflower, tomatoes.
I never expected my garden to grow so fast! All Praises To The Most High. I’ll keep posting updates on my Instagram.