Tsibiah’s Sewing School Lesson 2 Pt 2 – Sewing Machine Anatomy 101

Shalom MHNCB,

If your following this class, good to see you back again.  If your new, Shalom MHNCB Welcome to the class! If your new & need to catch up you can click here for the Class Directory.

Today’s Class will be about: Sewing Machine Anatomy.

In this sewing machine anatomy class we will be going over the anatomy of a basic sewing machine. As I explained in the previous class how not all sewing machine are the same and the different kinds of machines there are.

Now before you start sewing it’s important that you at least know what parts are where on your machine. Maybe not all the knitty gritty parts and weird words but the parts that your actually going need to know in order to use your sewing machine properly.

The Sewing Machine:

Dah, dah dahhhhhh!!!! 😦

(not all basic sewing machines look alike but if you follow along with your sewing machine and sewing machine manual, you’ll become familiar with your sewing machine)

In this class we’ll be studying the Brother JX 2517 Sewing Machine:

Front View Parts:

Sewing Machine Anatomy

  • Thread Guide: This is used when threading the machine, and when winding the thread onto the bobbin
  • Thread Take-Up Lever: The take up lever is used in threading the sewing machine and to keep the thread tension at the proper level. If the take up lever is threaded improperly, the thread will knot up and jam in the machine.
  • Thread Cutter: Pass the thread through the thread cutter to cut the thread.
  • Upper Tension-Control Dial: This  controls the tension of the upper thread. A pair of round metal disks that are housed behind a dial on the face of the machine. When you lower the presser foot, the metal disks are engaged and it is the tension’s job to evenly distribute the thread, based on the setting on the tension dial. (Don’t be afraid of the Tension Dial, this will help you maintain your sanity 😉 )
  • Presser foot: The footplate of a sewing machine that holds the fabric down onto the part that feeds it under the needle.
  • Quick-Set Bobbin Aka Bobbin Loader: This is the “house” for the bobbin the lower thread that when sewn actually creates a ‘Stitch’. (Depending on your machine the bobbin may be a Top loading bobbin or a Front loading bobbin.)
  • Accessory Compartment: This is like a little pocket that holds your machines assorted presser feet, needles, bobbins, and other little sewing machine accessories.
  • Spool Pin: A piece of plastic or metal on the top of your sewing machine near the bobbin winder. The open center of a spool of thread is placed onto the upright stick. From here the machine is threaded for sewing.
  • Bobbin winder: A small metal or plastic knob on the sewing machine that the bobbin fits onto. The bobbin winder is how you transfer thread from the spool to the bobbin.
  • Handwheel: Used to manually raise and lower the needle.(Always turn the handwheel TOWARDS you (counter clockwise) as turning it in the opposite direction (away from you, clockwise) may knock the timing out requiring repair from a service center)
  • Pattern Selection Dial: A button, dial, knob, or digital screen on the face of the sewing machine with a diagram of stitch options. Turning the knob or pressing the button allows you to choose from the variety of stitches offered by the machine.Rotate the dial in either direction to choose the stitch you want.
  • Buttonhole Fine-Adjustment Screw: When sewing buttonsholes, if the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole does not appear uniform, adjustments can be done with this Buttonhole fine adjustment screw.
  • Reverse Sewing Lever Aka Backstitch (Button/lever): Push this lever to backstitch or stitch in reverse direction. Sewing a backstitch at the start and end of any straight stitch will ensure that the stitches stay locked in place.


Now you might be wondering why some machines have the Bobbin Loader on the front and others on the top:

While it’s not something you have to look for when buying a machine, you could end up with either or.


  • Presser foot: The footplate of a sewing machine that holds the fabric down onto the part that feeds it under the needle.
  • Bobbin Housing-Quick-Set Bobbin Aka Bobbin Loader: This is the “house” for the bobbin the lower thread that when sewn actually creates a ‘Stitch’. (Depending on your machine the bobbin may be a Top loading bobbin or a Front loading bobbin.)
  • Throat plate: is the metal plate beneath a sewing machine’s needle and presser foot. It is typically held in place with one or more screws.

Right Side View:Tsibiah's Sewing School Pt. 2 - Sewing Machine Anatomy 101 - An Israelite Seamstress

  • Main power and sewing light switch: You can turn the main power and sewing light switch on and off.
  • Foot controller jack / socket: Plug in the foot controller plug and connect the machine to the power supply.

Pedal / Foot controller: The pedal is attached to the sewing machine with the foot controller plug. It sits on the floor and supplies power to the machine. The pedal often has a narrow end and a wider end. Place the pedal under your foot with the narrow (or hinged) side facing you and place your foot on top. the speed of the machine is controlled by how much you push the pedal. ⇓

sewing machine anatomy

And that’s about it!


So make sure you familiarize yourself with your machine. Use your machine manual, many new sewist tend to ignore the manual and most machine problems can be solved and even avoided if you’d just look in the manual.

If you have any Questions Comment down below.

Psstt. At the end of this course you will get a certificate if you show your work (In the Sewing School Group) for each class where homework is given.

The classes will be right here on my blog (for free 😉 ). Follow me via email, or Join my Face book group to be notified every time the class is posted.

 Join Tsibiah Israel’s Sewing School  –  Group on Facebook

Shalom Ladies MHNCB!


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