Tsibiah’s Sewing School Lesson 2 Pt 2 – Sewing Machine Anatomy 101

Shalom MHNCB,

If your following this class, good to see you back again.  If your new, Shalom MHNCB Welcome to the class! If your new & need to catch up you can click here for the Class Directory.

Today’s Class will be about: Sewing Machine Anatomy.

In this sewing machine anatomy class we will be going over the anatomy of a basic sewing machine. As I explained in the previous class how not all sewing machine are the same and the different kinds of machines there are.

Now before you start sewing it’s important that you at least know what parts are where on your machine. Maybe not all the knitty gritty parts and weird words but the parts that your actually going need to know in order to use your sewing machine properly.

The Sewing Machine:

Dah, dah dahhhhhh!!!! 😦

(not all basic sewing machines look alike but if you follow along with your sewing machine and sewing machine manual, you’ll become familiar with your sewing machine)

In this class we’ll be studying the Brother JX 2517 Sewing Machine:

Front View Parts:

Sewing Machine Anatomy

  • Thread Guide: This is used when threading the machine, and when winding the thread onto the bobbin
  • Thread Take-Up Lever: The take up lever is used in threading the sewing machine and to keep the thread tension at the proper level. If the take up lever is threaded improperly, the thread will knot up and jam in the machine.
  • Thread Cutter: Pass the thread through the thread cutter to cut the thread.
  • Upper Tension-Control Dial: This  controls the tension of the upper thread. A pair of round metal disks that are housed behind a dial on the face of the machine. When you lower the presser foot, the metal disks are engaged and it is the tension’s job to evenly distribute the thread, based on the setting on the tension dial. (Don’t be afraid of the Tension Dial, this will help you maintain your sanity 😉 )
  • Presser foot: The footplate of a sewing machine that holds the fabric down onto the part that feeds it under the needle.
  • Quick-Set Bobbin Aka Bobbin Loader: This is the “house” for the bobbin the lower thread that when sewn actually creates a ‘Stitch’. (Depending on your machine the bobbin may be a Top loading bobbin or a Front loading bobbin.)
  • Accessory Compartment: This is like a little pocket that holds your machines assorted presser feet, needles, bobbins, and other little sewing machine accessories.
  • Spool Pin: A piece of plastic or metal on the top of your sewing machine near the bobbin winder. The open center of a spool of thread is placed onto the upright stick. From here the machine is threaded for sewing.
  • Bobbin winder: A small metal or plastic knob on the sewing machine that the bobbin fits onto. The bobbin winder is how you transfer thread from the spool to the bobbin.
  • Handwheel: Used to manually raise and lower the needle.(Always turn the handwheel TOWARDS you (counter clockwise) as turning it in the opposite direction (away from you, clockwise) may knock the timing out requiring repair from a service center)
  • Pattern Selection Dial: A button, dial, knob, or digital screen on the face of the sewing machine with a diagram of stitch options. Turning the knob or pressing the button allows you to choose from the variety of stitches offered by the machine.Rotate the dial in either direction to choose the stitch you want.
  • Buttonhole Fine-Adjustment Screw: When sewing buttonsholes, if the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole does not appear uniform, adjustments can be done with this Buttonhole fine adjustment screw.
  • Reverse Sewing Lever Aka Backstitch (Button/lever): Push this lever to backstitch or stitch in reverse direction. Sewing a backstitch at the start and end of any straight stitch will ensure that the stitches stay locked in place.

 


Now you might be wondering why some machines have the Bobbin Loader on the front and others on the top:

While it’s not something you have to look for when buying a machine, you could end up with either or.


1

  • Presser foot: The footplate of a sewing machine that holds the fabric down onto the part that feeds it under the needle.
  • Bobbin Housing-Quick-Set Bobbin Aka Bobbin Loader: This is the “house” for the bobbin the lower thread that when sewn actually creates a ‘Stitch’. (Depending on your machine the bobbin may be a Top loading bobbin or a Front loading bobbin.)
  • Throat plate: is the metal plate beneath a sewing machine’s needle and presser foot. It is typically held in place with one or more screws.

Right Side View:Tsibiah's Sewing School Pt. 2 - Sewing Machine Anatomy 101 - An Israelite Seamstress

  • Main power and sewing light switch: You can turn the main power and sewing light switch on and off.
  • Foot controller jack / socket: Plug in the foot controller plug and connect the machine to the power supply.

Pedal / Foot controller: The pedal is attached to the sewing machine with the foot controller plug. It sits on the floor and supplies power to the machine. The pedal often has a narrow end and a wider end. Place the pedal under your foot with the narrow (or hinged) side facing you and place your foot on top. the speed of the machine is controlled by how much you push the pedal. ⇓

sewing machine anatomy


And that’s about it!

Homework

So make sure you familiarize yourself with your machine. Use your machine manual, many new sewist tend to ignore the manual and most machine problems can be solved and even avoided if you’d just look in the manual.

If you have any Questions Comment down below.

Psstt. At the end of this course you will get a certificate if you show your work (In the Sewing School Group) for each class where homework is given.

The classes will be right here on my blog (for free 😉 ). Follow me via email, or Join my Face book group to be notified every time the class is posted.


 Join Tsibiah Israel’s Sewing School  –  Group on Facebook

Shalom Ladies MHNCB!

 

Tsibiah’s Sewing School – Crash Course- Thread 101

Shalom MHNCB,

If your following this class, good to see you back again.  If your new, Shalom Welcome to the class! If you need to catch up you can click here to go to the Class Directory to catch up! .

Today class will be about: 

Thread 101

When starting a sewing project you always have to set up your sewing machine, and in doing so you have to thread your machine right. But what thread do you use? Thread is something you don’t really put much thought into you just put some all-purpose thread and call it a day. Yet your garment could come out a lot and I mean a lot more professional looking if you use:

  • a better quality thread
  • the appropriate thread for the project
  • thread that will not damage your fabric
  • and most importantly the weight of the thread, yes threads have weight

Yet the most important thing to remember when purchasing thread is to buy quality thread. How to tell the quality of thread? When your shopping for thread, pick up a spool of thread that’s priced really cheap (the kind of thread that priced “to good to be true”) and compare it to a more expensive brand name thread. You will notice the “fuzzies” on the cheaper thread that’s a sign that the thread is made from cheap and short fibers. This type of thread will fray and break as soon as you begin sewing with it. It’ll also let out a lot of bits of lint that will clog up your sewing machine.

There are different types of threads at the craft store and these are a few of the threads you might run into, and some you didn’t know you can use for sewing:

  1. A regular spool of thread: This is the thread you will see almost everywhere where there’s a sewing aisle and it comes in fibers such as: Polyester, cotton-covered polyester, and more. Make sure that you use the best quality cotton thread for your project.Thread
  2. Cone Thread: This thread is used for sergers/overlockers because they bring about 3,000 yards of thread, and sergers use a lot of thread. Usually they come in 100% polyester or 100% cotton.Tsibiah's Sewing School - Thread 101 - Cone Thread Serger/Over-Locker
  3. Buttonhole Thread: It’s a heavyweight thread that is commonly made with three-ply silk and is more durable than construction thread. You use this thread to sew buttons onto your projects.Tsibiah's Sewing School - Thread 101 - Buttonhole Thread
  4. Embroidery Thread/Floss: Used for embroidery but you can also use it to decorate your dress or poncho etc… There’s also machine embroidery which uses Embroidery Thread which is very different from Embroidery Floss. Embroidery floss has 6-strands of thread so you can choose how thick or thin you want your stitch to be, usually of cotton but also manufactured in silk, linen, and rayon
  5. Yarn: Used mostly for knitting but yes it can be used on a serger/overlocker machine. There are many varieties of yarn such as: Wool (Lamb’s wool, Merino wool, Pure new wool/virgin wool, Shetland wool, Icelandic wool, Washable wool), Fleece, Silk, cotton, linen, rayon, synthetic, Novelty (Ribbon, Boucle’, Chenille, Thick-Thin, Railroad ribbon, Faux fur) Specialty (Tweed, Heather, Marled(ragg) Variegated) and the list goes on and on. In order to use it on a serger/overlocker machine the yarn has to be smooth,and tightly twisted to feed evenly through the machine. It also must be fine enough (small/thin enough, not chunky yarn) to thread through the eye of the upper looper easily and strong enough to feed through the thread guides. Yarn tends to stretch as it is sewn, so you might have to loosen the thread tension completely.
  6. Decorative Threads such as: Fine monofilament nylon, Top stitching thread, Metallic threads, Woolly Nylon Thread, Rayon and silk, Crochet thread, Pearl cotton (which is also used for embroidery) Ribbon up to 1/4″ (6 mm) wide can be used if it’s lightweight, soft and pliable, such as ribbons designed for knitting. You may also find knitting ribbon on spools, cards, or cones. It’s available in acrylic, cotton rayon, and silk. Polyester ribbon is usually not pliable enough to be used in the looper, but can be laid flat and over edged with a serged stitch for a decorative effect.

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  7. Elastic Thread: Used for shirring  Check out this video on how to sew shirring.
  8. Jute and Twine, Rope, Pastele Thread: Jute and Twine can be used for sewing upholstery as well as piping/cording. Rope can be used to make a rope baskets and used as piping/cording  etc.. Pastele Thread can be used for gathering fabric etc..

Yet there are many more types of thread out there that you can incorporate into sewing. The options are endless.


Don’t forget to study and memorize as much as you can & take notes.

∴Homework∴

Test out & Play with different kinds of thread without breaking your machine 😉

  • Make your own piping
  • Shirr a piece of square fabric,  8 X 8″ Square
  • Take pics & upload them to the sewing group with the hashtag #Tsibiahisraelsewingschoolhomework

Psstt. At the end of this course you will get a certificate if you show your work (In the Sewing School Group) for each class where homework is given.

The classes will be right here on my blog (for free). Follow me via email, or Join my Face book group to be notified every time the class is posted.


 Join Tsibiah Israel’s Sewing School  –  Group on Facebook

Shalom Ladies MHNCB!

Tsibiah’s Sewing School – Lesson 1 Pt. 1 Basic Sewing Kit – An Israelite Seamstress Series

Shalom Israel MHNCB

In this lesson we are going to go over the basic sewing tools that you will need to get for sewing school and for sewing in general.

Let’s Begin!

  1. Fabric Scissors
  2. Paper Scissors; which ever brand you choose to go with is up to you and your pocket as fabric scissors tend to be on the pricey side, but you will need fabric scissors designated for only fabric. Never use your fabric scissors for paper or visa versa. Using fabric scissors for paper will dull your fabric scissors, and using your paper scissors for fabric will damage your fabric.
  3. Thread; begin with a basic black and white once you begin sewing garments you can expand your thread collection.Tsibiah's Sewing School - Basic Sewing Kit
  4. Pins & Pincushion; the pins with the colored ball tips are the best ones to begin with, along with the classic tomato pin cushion.
  5. Needles; Hand Sewing Needles & Machine Sewing Needles; machine needles come in many size and for many fabrics, start with a universal pack, and a basic hand sewing needle set.
  6. Bobbins; depending on the machine you’ll either buy the plastic bobbins or the metal bobbins, also check which size bobbins your machine uses.
  7. Measuring Tape; make sure to buy the Fiber-Glass plastic ones not the fabric ones,as they will stretch and disfigure.
  8. Seam Ripper you may want to buy at least 3 of these as they tend to dull out from much use. 
  9. Marking Tools; Tailors Chalk and/or Fabric Marker; depending on your preference, I prefer chalk cause sometimes the fabric marker might not come off your fabric. I’ve had a bad experience with fabric markers in the past.

 

Optional helpful tools:

  1. Magnetic Seam Guide; helps you cheat when pratice sewing.Tsibiah's Sewing School - Basic Sewing Kit
  2. Sliding Seam Gauge

Tsibiah's Sewing School - Basic Sewing Kit

Check out Crafty Gemini’s Must-Have Beginner Sewing Supplies Video


 ∴Organizing and storing your sewing supplies∴

I’ll touch on this briefly as we are going to have a class on staying organized. There are many ways to store your sewing supplies. You can check out my post on the many ways of storing your sewing supplies Here and the way I store my sewing supplies Here.

Here are ideas and some inspiration on how to store and organize your sewing supplies.

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And if you are really serious about sewing you might be considering a sewing studio or a corner of your room designated for sewing, here is some inspiration for ya.


Shalom MHNCB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tsibiah’s Sewing School 101 – Intro – An Israelite Seamstress Series

Tsibiah’s Sewing School

Shalom Ladies MHNCB,

So as a Seamstress wanting to share everything I know about sewing I decided to put together this sewing course for you ladies so that you to can learn the art of sewing. I’m putting this series together cause I’ve had quite a bit of sisters asking me to teach them to sew so I decided this series would be a great place to start.

We’ll go over the basics of the basics, and the tip and tricks of the ‘pros’. You will be given homework assignments, tests, and loads of fun and headaches.

So without further a do…

Welcome to Tsibiah’s Sewing School

So you’ve decided you want to sew but you don’t really know what sewing’s all about, Or you really need to sew on your fringes and have no idea where to start. Or you might think it’s so easy you can learn “Finger Snap” like that. Well I’m here not to scare you away  but to give you the 411/101 on sewing.

Before we continue with this course here are some things you need to know;

  1. Sewing can be a business or a hobby. For some the idea of turning their hobby into a business can be daunting and for others it’s their passion to sew for others or for profit.
  2. It’s never to late to learn how to sew. If you didn’t learn to sew when you where young you can still learn no matter how old you are. Age ain’t nuttin but a number Baby!
  3. Learning to Sew can be expensive, cheap, or free! Expensive, you could spend hundreds or thousands of dollars on a fashion sewing course. Cheap/Affordable, you can take a low-cost fashion course online or at a local Joanns or sewing shop. Freego back to basics and ask wela to teach you or your mom, aunt, relative, or a sister who knows how to sew to teach you. Or You Tube. There are many channels and websites online that can teach you for free. (like me uh-um….)
  4. You don’t need an expensive high-tech sewing machine to sew. If you don’t have a sewing machine and are planning to buy one, you don’t need an expensive machine just a basic machine can do almost everything you need as a beginner and intermediate sewist. Lesson 2 will cover all the info you need on how to choose a sewing machine.
  5. You don’t need a whole bunch of supplies and gadgets to sew. You may watch a lot of videos and tutorials with seamstresses and tailors using all those cool gadgets that you don’t know the name to. Like tailors ham or clapper, yardstick compass, yatta yatta yatta. It is nice to play with all those gadgets. But let me tell you, You don’t need all those things to sew you just need the basics which is really what every seamstress or tailor needs. The basics!
  6. Sometimes you might not want or need a sewing machine. You can sew by hand which is slower but it can be done and there’s so many things that a sewing machine can’t do which is where hand sewing comes in. Although sewing will be a whole lot quicker with a sewing machine. Now I’m not saying don’t buy a sewing machine but it’s really a personal preference. Hand sew or Machine sew.
  7. Almost everybody sews (or has to anyways) Whether it’s a tear in their clothes, or a rip in their sweater, they need to hem their jeans, a button popped off,  their clothes don’t fit right, they need their fringes/blue border sewn on, or some other reason. (People need sewing in their life one way or another) 😉
  8. Once you know how to sew, people will come knocking at your door for something. Yep I get this all the time, people will come asking me to alter their clothes or sew on fringes/blue border etc.. while some people find it annoying, I find it’s a good way to keep my skills sharp. Cause you never know what the person might need, it’s always something different to work/practice on.
  9. Sewing is something that gets better over time, like wine. Simple as that. You need to constantly well not constantly but often make sure your skills are not being forgotten and be sure to fine tune them. Have a journal handy and take notes while your sewing and working on a project. This is a class. This is not something you’ll learn overnight. You need to Practice. Poke yourself by mistake and Practice some more. Now it’s not going to take forever to get real good at sewing but it does take time. Don’t worry you’ll be a Pro in no time. (Well some time) But in no time.
  10. Sewing is about expressing yourself. It’s an amazing feeling you get every time you finish your last stitch, and what you just made can be stylishly worn or used by your self or another person. I can’t explain the pain and suffering and headaches and (you get the point) every seamstress goes through when sewing, but when your finished it’s like something amazing happens to that pile of fabric. All that pain you went through just disappears (sometimes) and you forget all the times you poked and stabbed your fingers, or burned your self with that iron, or when your where cutting your fabric with your Rotary Cutter and almost sliced your finger off. I’m making this kinda traumatizing ain’t I. Any ways the finished product is like the best part of sewing because then you can show it off to everybody, and you feel so proud of yourself. Then start on another project. The cycle continues….
  11. Sewing is an Israelite woman’s best friend. Sisters you know we have ample curves cough, cough  and to find modest clothing to suit our shapely figure is not easy to find. It’ll fit in one area but not the other. Sewing is the best way to beat around the bush and avoid going to 20 stores and buying nothing because nothing fits you  Ooohh the struggle. Wearing something you’ve sewn for yourself that’s comfortable and actually your size is always preferred.

Don’t forget to ask questions. This is School right so if you have any questions I will do my best to answer them. I want to make this classroom an open door class room so if you have any questions or want to learn a certain topic on sewing don’t hesitate to ask. This is an open door classroom;)


∴Class Syllabus∴

Lesson 1:  Sewing Basics

  •      Basic Sewing Kit 
  •      Pins, Needles, and Thread
  •      Cutting Tools and other Tools 
  •      The Importance of Pressing 
  •      Staying Organized 

Lesson 2: Your Sewing Machine

  •     Types of Sewing Machines
  •     Anatomy of a Sewing Machine
  •     Bobbin Problems – The Perfect Stitch
  •     Maintenance
  •     Your first stitch
  •     Sewing Machine Maintenance Kit

Lesson 3 – Fabric

  •     Types of Fabric
  •     Warp, weft, nap, right vs. wrong side
  •     Choosing fabric for your garment
  •     Tricky Fabrics to sew
  •     Fabric Organization

Lesson 4 – All About Patterns

  •      Choosing a Pattern
  •      Deciphering the Pattern Envelope
  •      Fabric plus the extras
  •      Layout deciphered
  •      Read a basic pattern
  •      Pattern Organization

Lesson 5 – Hand Sewing

  •     Basting
  •     Buttons
  •     Decorative Touches

Lesson 6 – Your First Project

Lesson 7 Troubleshooting

Lesson 8 – Sewing Secrets

Lesson 9 – Creative Sewing Ideas

Lesson 10 – Clothing Care & Repair

Lesson 11 – Sewing Lingo

 

Keep an eye out for ◊Crash Courses◊


As I said earlier you will get Homework, and have loads of fun!

Psstt. At the end of this course you will get a certificate if you show your work (In the Sewing School Group) for each class where homework is given.

The classes will be right here on my blog (for free). Follow me via email, or Join my Face book group to be notified every time the class is posted.


 Join Tsibiah Israel’s Sewing School  –  Group on Facebook

Shalom Ladies MHNCB!